Hello! In this video we will be talking about
Electoral Systems and Electoral Commissions. Now let’s begin with electoral systems.
Electoral System is the process or the procedure by which adult qualified citizens of a given
state, elect or choose their representatives either directly or indirectly through elections.
Here are some features of an Electoral System. Number one; The electoral commission must
be independent and impartial. Number two; Regular free and fair elections
must be held. Number three; there must be delimitation of the districts in the country
into constituencies by the electoral commission. Number four; the country has to adopt universal
suffrage, that means that all the adult qualified citizens of the state must be allowed to vote,
they must not be limited by either sex or their race or their religion.
And number five; there must be a secret balloting system by which the votes of people are not
seen, by which people don’t know what the vote of the other person is. Let’s talk about
the types of Electoral System. We have number one; The Adult Electoral System,
here in this kind of system, all qualified adults of a state that are of mental and sound
health can vote, they are not restricted by their age, they are not restricted by sex,
they are not restricted by their religion, they are not restricted by their beliefs.
We also have Tax Payers Electoral System, in tax payers electoral system, the people
that pay their taxes are the ones that are allowed to vote.
Then we have Property Electoral System. In property electoral system, only people that
own property in the country are allowed to vote and be voted for.
And number four, we have the Electoral College. These are eminent people or elite people that
are voted by citizens of the state to represent them, that is an indirect way of voting. These
people come together and choose a representative that will choose the people they want to represent
them. Now let’s talk about Electoral Commission. Electoral Commission is the body or institution
that is tasked with making, conducting and organizing elections in a country. Here are
some features and functions of Electoral Commission. One; they register voters, two; they create
constituencies, three; they provide voting materials, four; they determine what kind
of electoral system or voting system will be adopted in a country, five; they announce
the winning candidates of an election. Next, let’s talk about Constituency.
Constituency is a district that is shared to a particular area to the people that represent
that area, that represent the interest of that area. Representatives of a particular
area will be chosen in parliament, that is constituency. The act of sharing these people
up, sharing the powers into these representatives to represent the interests of the people of
a particular area is called Delimitation . There are two types of electoral constituency,
the first one is Single Member Constituency. In Single Member Constituency, there is only
one member that is representing a particular area in parliament and each person gets one
vote. Then you have Multi Member Constituency. In Multi Member Constituency there are as
many members in the parliament, each person has as many votes as possible, so he has a
difference of choices. In our next video, we’ll be talking about
Voting systems and elections.