Hello,welcome to Biogreat Tv, if you’re new
here please subscribe and turn on the notification so you don’t miss our next video. How the Military Entered into Central African
Republic’s Politics The Central African Republic like many other African countries has experienced military
interventions. Between 1966 and 2013, the country has recorded eight coup d’etats of
which five of them were successful. The first coup d’etat in the Central African
Republic is also known as the Saint-Sylvestre coup. It was staged on the 1st of January
1966 by a group of officers led by Jean-Bédel Bokassa, who was at this time, the leader
of the Central African Republic army. This coup brought down the government of David
Dacko who was the president of the country. Interestingly, Dacko and Bokassa were cousins. President Dacko was earlier informed of his
cousin’s intentions to take over his administration. He tried to prevent this by setting up military
police headed by Jean Izamo, however, the military police could not stop the Saint-Sylvestre
military intervention. On the 31st December 1965, Bokassa and his men struck. They captured Jean Izamo and locked
him up at Camp de Roux. They went on to occupy the country’s capital, Bangui. There, they overpowered Dacko’s military
police and other armed officers. By midnight, President Dacko was forced to leave office.
The military junta locked the ousted president in a prison at Camp Kassai. About eight people died as a result of this
coup. Jean Izamo was tortured to death, but David Dacko’s life was spared based on a plea
made by the French government. On the 9th of April 1969, Captain Alexandre Banza attempted to overthrow Bokassa’s regime.
Banza was one of the officers that helped Bokassa take over former President Dacko’s
regime, however, both officers had fallen out over the years. Banza informed some of the military officers
of his plans to overthrow Bokassa’s government. One of these officers was Jean-Claude Mandaba. Mandaba was a Bokassa loyalist, so he informed
Bokassa of Banza’s intentions. A few hours before the military takeover was expected
to happen, Mandaba ambushed Banza and took him to Bokassa. Banza was sentenced to death
by a military court on the 12th April 1969. In September 1979, the Central African Republic
witnessed a bloodless coup d’etat known as “Operation Caban”. This military intervention
was led by France, and it brought an end to Emperor Bokassa’s regime. Earlier that year, Bokassa had ordered the
arrest and killing of about a hundred school children who did not agree with his educational
policies. This incident was known as the “Children
Massacre at Bangui”. The international community, especially France, condemned Bokassa’s action.
In the Central African Republic, a panel of judges was set up, and they argued that Bokassa
should be arrested and tried. Amid all these, the French forces intervened on the 20th of September 1979, and overthrew
Bokassa. They also successfully returned David Dacko to the seat of power after 13 years. Two years later, another coup was staged in
the country. Like the one before, this military intervention was bloodless. It was led by General Andre Kolingba, and
removed David Dacko from office again. On the 2nd of September 1981, General Kolingba
announced over the national radio that David Dacko had agreed to step down from his position
as president because he was sick. Kolingba set up a temporary Military Committee
of National Redress and put a hold on the activities of political parties in the country. On the 3rd of March 1982, some members of
the opposition political party in the Central African Republic staged a coup that was unsuccessful. This attempt was led by Ange-Felix Patasse.
The military junta announced over Radio Bangui that they had removed Andre Kolingba from
office, however, they could not gain the support of the country’s military. Four days after
the failure of the coup, Patasse fled to Togo on exile. Between 27th of May 2001 and 28th of May of
the same year, some officers of the Central African Republic army attempted to overthrow
President Patasse. Patasse was elected president after winning
the 1993 elections. Although the coup was unsuccessful, over 300 people were killed. In March 2003, President Patasse was thrown
out of office by General Francois Bozize. General Bozize led a troop of 1,000 soldiers
to seize the international airport and the presidential palace in the capital city, Bangui. He imposed a curfew and suspended the constitution.
After the coup, Bozizé created a new division in the Central African Armed Forces. This division was made up of patriots who
took part in the coup. It was called the Republican Guard. At least 15 people were killed in the
military intervention. During the Central African Republic civil
war in 2013, another coup was staged. The rebel group, Seleka, attacked different towns
in the country, and by March 2013, the rebels took over the capital city. In the heat of the crises, President Bozize
fled the country, while the rebel leader, Michel Djotodia, declared himself president. What have we missed on of this history?
Let’s know in the comment section. Will it be ridiculous to subscribe to our channel?
If no, please like this video, share and subscribe to our channel.